Why so many languages invented words for colors in the same order.
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In 1969, two Berkeley researchers, Paul Kay and Brent Berlin, published a book on a pretty groundbreaking idea: that every culture in history, when they developed their languages, invented words for colors in the exact same order. They claimed to know this based off of a simple color identification test, where 20 respondents identified 330 colored chips by name. If a language had six words, they were always black, white, red, green, yellow, and blue. If it had four terms, they were always black, white, red, and then either green or yellow. If it had only three, they were always black, white, and red , and so on. The theory was revolutionary — and it shaped our understanding of how color terminologies emerge.
Read more on the research mentioned in this video:
Cook, Kay, and Regier on the World Color Survey: goo.gl/MTUi9C
Stephen C. Levinson on Yele color terms: goo.gl/CYDfvw
John A. Lucy on Hanunó'o color terms: goo.gl/okcyC3
Loreto, Mukherjee, and Tria on color naming population simulations: goo.gl/rALO1S
To learn more about how your language's color words can affect the way you think, check out this video lecture: goo.gl/WxYi1q
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it wouldnt have been a racist claim .. it is a scientific claim which can be wrong. It is wrong to make false accusations of wrong doing. Being color blind isnt equivalent to being lesser as an intellectual being. Humans dont see X rays. Fact. That isnt to belittle them compared with klingons or vulcans or whoever might.
Japanese didn't have a word for green for a long time. They used a word for blue for green, and to this day they still often call green things blue.
Yet Japan is more developed than most European countries. Also genetically similarly countries can vary in the amount of colours. Russian for example.
Yea. Pretty sure that has nothing to do with genetics.
For me as for artist thats so mind blowing. I can’t believe someone use only “light”, “dark” and “red”. How?
Im from Russia so i use more than 9 names of colors. It’s always red, orange, yellow, green, light blue (лазурный - golooboy), blue, violet, white and black. But what about grey? Brown? Beige? Dark violet that spells in Russian “feeoletoviy”?
I like blue and green so much, it’s disappointing for me that in some countries there are no any words for them.
How can i live with this knowledge???
So, i speak 2 native language.... List of color names without English loadword:
Indonesian: Hitam (black) putih (white) merah (red) hijau (green) kuning (yellow) ungu (purple) nila (orange) coklat (brown, same word for chocolate) abuabu (grey)
Javanese: ireng (black) putih/pethak (white, similiar to indonesian, i dunno which one was first) abang (red) ijo (green, almost similiar to Indo?) kuning (yellow, similiar to Indo) soklat (indonesian loadword?) jambon (pink) ....
Javanese seems to have less color names (or maybe it is just me who don't understand enough that language) but surprisingly it has the name for pink, while in indonesian pink is just 'merah muda' (translated to 'light red')
words develop in order of need. i guess some society may have color property expressed by maturity. and for different objects mature color will be different. for example: "it was apple. it's color was quite mature. but it was too immature."
This video is misleading though. Colours may appear at various stages in cultural ‘development’ (true Anthropologists would not use that term), language still alters perception - and so the way people categorise colour can mean far reaching differences in their culture to another.
It's also about how our brain filters colours. There are cultures whose people can distinguish many green tones we see as one color, but cannot see the difference beteen two very distinct green and yellow colours.
There was an experiment in which a scientist would not tell his little child the color of the sky. When he asked for the colour the child would answer green up until one day the answer changed to blue.
How to make a good video: Think about a random topic and make a good title. If u have arrived until here u have almost acomplished ur goal.
Here it comes, the main part: Give a lot of new information to the public, enough to make them think about a question they hadn't even thought about before. Then don't answer it, instead give the people an explanation (fake if possible) even a kid would understand.
Strange Vox make some amazing pieces like this just to minutes later produce some extreme anti-scientific woke PC garbage. Very strange, it's like these videos build the brand and establish cred to be able to push the woke agenda. Well I enjoy these so keep making them please.
This is really interesting!
One thing about colors that I’ve been thinking about since I was little is that what if my blue is your yellow? Like different people see the different colors but call them the same thing 😂
That’s why AI is superior than human.
Human 1: whats your favourite color?
Human 2: umm. Its hard to describe......kind like rose mixed with skin tone.......
AI 1: whats your favourite color?
AI 2: ffe4e1
In russia we also see 7 colors in rainbow, or rather I categorise spectrum of rainbow into 7 colors i know, because I was tought the difference between Siniy' and Goluboy' (english both Blue) - they are as different and have as fine a line between them as Red and Pink
Isn't green cyan yellow are more distinct and blue dark blue purple or lavender subtle ones? I rarely see red and brown, but orange and greyish, or peach. I assume it also has to do with the environments, like in the middle east it has more reddish orange surroundings perhaps due to the sands reflection carried by heat waves during the day that makes that colors in your visual and, in some asian country where there are humids makes alot of different kinds of greenish blueish hues of colors.
Wait, they simulated people in "purely cultural negotiation" (whatever that means) using computers? Unless they've developed a legitimate artificial intelligence, with subjectivity and all, that's a doubtful simulation of people, let alone a simulation of cultural exchanges (which cannot occur "purely", whatever "pure culture" means). I guess that happens when a physicist and a computer engineer try to shortcut an anthropological research. I'd rather stick to Claude Lévi-Strauss books to argue for a pattern in the way humans make sense of the world.
In Dutch we actually don’t have a word for teal. We do have turquoise (forgot the exact spelling tho, might just be taken straight from English and pronounced Dutch), but teal isn’t there.
However we do have words to define certain things that in English don’t exist (we have separate words to define the gender of a cousin, for example). One of the most annoying things to native English speakers when speaking Dutch is that we also have two different ways of saying ‘the’. There are other languages that have more, but in Dutch we have ‘de’ and ‘het’. ‘De’ is used for things that have a gender (though for some reason there are also inanimate objects without a gender that use ‘de’), while ‘het’ is for things that don’t have a gender and for - another unique thing - ‘smaller’ words. Basically words to indicate that whatever it’s referring to is smaller than its more common counterpart. Take ‘jongen’ and jongetje’ for example. Both mean boy, but ‘jongen’ is the common word while ‘jongetje’ is used when referring to small or younger boys. Strangely enough, the common Dutch word for girl is actually the small version. When referring to a girl, it’s almost always ‘meisje’, regardless of the age or size (by lack of a better term), while the full version is ‘meid’, but that one is used as a more ‘cool’ word.
I just realized that I’m basically giving a lesson in Dutch on a video about color names, so I’ll just leave it at this. If you want me to continue or have any questions though, feel free to ask me!
In Chinese actually, we can translate all basic English colours into a single character, which I think should be considered as basic colours. Maybe how many basic colours in a language, really depends on the definition of "basic colours" and how people understand it.
Cyan is equal parts blue and green, but it is still technically more blue than green since blue is a primary color and green is a secondary color. Since green can't exist without blue,to begin with, blue basically wins out there. You could think about other blue-green tones, though. Like, viridian, spring-green, jade, seafoam. Those are greener hues than cyan, but still bluish.
On an episode of the British TV show QI, they asked: ‘Why, in English, are Red-haired people and the Robin Red-Breast bird not called ‘Orange-haired’ people and the ‘Robin Orange-Breast’ bird?
After all, Orange is the more accurate colour in both cases.
Of course, the answer was that the hair colour and the bird were named far earlier than the entry of the word ‘Orange’ into the English language.
Well, the sky isn't really all that important. And depending on where you live it's white or grey most of the time (clouds). As for the sea... Well, a lot of people might have never even seen it. And even if they have (for example because they live at the coast) the question whether it really is blue applies. Depending on wheather, as well as countless other factors it could be anything from blue to gray, to brown...
But I have to admit it doesn't convince me either... My explanations only apply to some languages. Others emerged were sky and sea were mostly blue. My best bet is really that sky and sea just don't matter (at least in terms of colour)
I'm italian and i think we have a name for hundred of color lol
I KNOW THAT I KNOW MORE colors BUT NOW THEY DONT COME to MY MIND <3
Anunciado durante a Gamescom 2017, uma das maiores feiras de videogame do mundo, o remake de Secret of Mana é, desde o início, um projeto pensado para agradar aos fãs de longa data e atrair jogadores novatos com um gameplay mais acessível.
Não se engane: a versão 2018 de Secret of Mana está mais para uma recriação do que uma mera remasterização com pequeno ajustes gráficos. O que temos aqui é um jogo completamente atualizado, com personagens redesenhados que ganharam nova vida graças à estética cartunesca.
Se, por um lado, as mudanças visuais foram projetadas para atrair novatos, por outro, algumas pessoas podem torcer o nariz pela simplicidade da nova abordagem - especialmente no que diz respeito aos cenários e criaturas do mundo.
Os cenários coloridos, por exemplo, ainda que estejam bem representados, trazem pouca variedade e deixam game com cara de “jogo de celular”. Isso fica mais evidente pela estrutura do game, já que muitas áreas estão completamente vazias e monótonas. Nesse quesito, Secret of Mana não tem vantagem em ter o fator nostalgia a seu favor.
O remake utiliza a clássica perspectiva de visão aérea, com a câmera posicionada acima dos personagens. É possível arrastar as bordas da tela manualmente para ter uma visão mais ampla do ambiente, o que é bastante útil para momentos de exploração.
O brilho da era noventista, mas com ressalvas.
Antes de tudo, é importante ressaltar que não há legendas em português, então o melhor a fazer é jogar com textos em inglês. A história continua sendo o ponto mais alto de Secret of Mana e, novamente, coloca o jogador no controle de três adoráveis personagens: Randi, Primm e Popoi - é possível jogar em modo cooperativo local para até três usuários.
O objetivo do grupo é lutar contra um império traidor ao mesmo tempo em que tenta recuperar o poder da Mana para restaurar a paz. O grande problema é que, embora os gráficos estejam atualizados, as animações ficaram presas ao passado. Em vez de despertar o sentimento de nostalgia, a falta de capricho passa a impressão de que o remake foi feito às pressas.
A jogabilidade à la Zelda foi aprimorada e permite desferir ataques de qualquer ângulo. Os inimigos também demonstram mais inteligência, uma vez que agora eles têm a opção de atacar a partir de qualquer ponto do cenário.
Ainda que a movimentação esteja mais fluida, parece haver algum problema técnico relacionado ao impacto dos golpes. Isso porque há momentos em que o personagem simplesmente não acerta o ataque, mesmo posicionado a uma distância razoável do oponente.
Além disso, a interface dos menus ficou bem aquém do esperado, com abas confusas e muito mal posicionadas. Há, no entanto, uma opção de mapear os itens essenciais nos botões do joystick ou teclado, o que facilita muito a organização na hora de combates mais exigentes.
O remake de Secret of Mana mantém a essência da pérola dos RPGs de ação dos anos 90, mas comete muitos deslizes ao tentar mexer em time que está ganhando. Menus engessados, sistema de combate com problemas técnicos e animações presas ao passado impedem o relançamento de ser a experiência definitiva, apesar de que possa valer para quem nunca experimentou o jogo original.