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Sea Turtle Facts: 14 Facts about Sea Turtles
Here are 14 facts about sea turtles, a beautiful yet fascinating sea creature found in warm and temperate oceans. Video courtesy of Peet J van Eeden The silent world of sea turtles https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=baJgS-07F5o Used under creative commons license. Images used courtesy of Wikipedia Synopsis here are seven species of sea turtle that exist in the worlds oceans today. They are one of the worlds most ancient creatures and have exisited for about 110 million years. They are known for their shell or carapice which is stream-lined to help the turtle swim. The difference between sea turtles and other types of turtle is that sea turtles cannot pull their heads and legs into their shells. The colour of sea turtles vary from species to species and can be yellow, green, or black. They eat foods such as shrimp, sea sponges, snails, algae, moluscs, sea weed, and crabs. It is unknown what their population is because male sea turtles and young juvinile sea turtles do not go back to the shore once they hatch and they remain at sea. Sea turtles such as green sea turtles have the ability to stay underwater for up to five hours. This is despite their actual feeding time being less than five minutes. When they are underwater, the sea turtle slows their heart rate in order to preserve their oxygen underwater. This can slow up to 9 minutes per beat. They enjoy warm and temperate waters and they migrate long distances as far as 1400 miles between the areas they feed and where they nest. Not much is known about the behaviour of sea turtles as they spend most of their time at sea and much of the information gathered has been obtained from observing females and their hatchlings. When they nest females will dig out a nest in the ground an bury their eggs before they return to the sea and leave the eggs alone. When they hatch, the young sea turtles are completely on their own and without the aid of their mother. They will take as long as a week to dig themselves out of the nest in which they are buried. Once they have dug themselves out of the burrow, young sea turtles will start to move towards the ocean but will do this in the cover of night to avoid predators and launch out to the sea left to fend for themselves.
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Starfish facts: 11 facts about Sea Stars
Here are 11 facts about starfish or sea stars as they are now called to help gain a better understanding about them. All images used courtesy of wikipedia All videos used under creative commons license. Starfish https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9Ll74xmyIlk Pink Starfish Rescue https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wNj_Ktf_sEI Synopsis 11. The Sea Star is the alternative name for a starfish as it is not a fish but an echinoderm and it is related to sand dollars or sea urchins. 10. Around the oceans of the world there are around 2000 species of sea star living in all kinds of climates, from warm to cold waters. 9. The five armed species of sea star are the most common, but there are species that have many more arms. In fact, there are some that have up to 40 arms. 8. Sea stars have calcified and bony skin which gives them protection from predators. Different species have different colourings including many species that have striking colours so as to warn off predators. 7. They are strictly saltwater creatures and do not survive in freshwater. 6. Sea stars have the ability to regenerate their limbs and in some cases can regenerate their entire bodies. They can do this as they have most if not all of their vital organs in their arms. However, this does not happen quickly and it will take about a year for a limb to grow back. 5. Some species of sea stars need to have their main body in tact in order to regenerate their arms. 4. However their are some species that need just some of their severed limbs to be intact in order to grow a whole new body. 3. The majority of sea stars have the amazing ability to eat their prey outside of their bodies. They use small suction cupped tubed feet to open up the oysters and clams that they eat and their stomach then emerges from their mouths and their arms prise open the shell just enough and their stomach then enters it and digests it. Then the stomach then returns to the body. So basically they eat inside out, and this allows them to eat larger prey than they would normally be able to fit into their mouths. 2. Sea stars do not have blood in their bodies. Instead, they have a water vascular system where they pump sea water through its sift plate or majoporite into their tube feet. Their tube feet are full of sea water and give strength to them. They then use their tube feet to move and to hold their prey. 1. They have an anae spot and the end of each of their arms which is a very simple eye that looks like a red spot. The eye can sense dark and light but not a lot of detail.
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Penguin Facts:15 Facts about Penguins
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Stonefish Facts: 16 facts about Stonefish
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Peacock facts: 10 facts about Peacocks
Here are 10 facts about peacocks and peahens to help you get to this beautiful and captivating creature that much better.
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Kakapo Facts: 11 Facts about the Kakapo
The Kakapo is one of the most beautiful yet critically endangered species of parrot in the world. Found in New Zealand is renown for its flightless-ness and ability to glide from tall trees. Here are 11 facts about Kakapos to help gain a basic understanding of the species. Synopsis The Kakapo is also called an Owl Parrot and it's a species large, flightless, nocturnal, ground-dwelling parrot found in New Zealand. Kakapos have a finely blotched yellow-green plumage.They have a distinct facial disc of sensory virbrita like feathers. A large grey beak, short legs, large feet and wings and a tail that is relatively short in length. The Kakapo is the world's only flightless parrot and it is also the heaviest parrot in the world. The Kakapo is critically endangered and there is a total known population of 126 living individuals as reported by Kakapo recovery programme. The Kakapo is primarily nocturnal and roosts under cover in trees along the ground during the day and moves around its territories at night As they have lost the ability to fly, they have strong legs and move by way of a rapid jog like gait by which they can move many kilometres. It is a large rotund parrot, and the male measures up to 60cm and weighs in at between 2-4kg at maturity. Kakapos are herbivores and enjoy eating native plants, seeds, fruits, pollen, and even the sapwood of trees. It is particularly fond of the fruit of the Rimu tree and will feed on it exclusively during seasons when it is abundant. Each of the remaining 126 living individuals have been given a name by the Kakapo recovery programme which helps them to keep track of them. Although the Kakapo cannot fly it is an excellent climber and ascends to the crowns of the tallest trees. It can also parachute, descending by leaping and spreading its wings. In this way it may travel a few metres at an angle of less than 45 degrees. The Kakapo is associated with a rich tradition of Maori folklore and beliefs. The bird's irregular breeding cycle is understood to be a associated with heavy fruiting or masting events of a particular plant species such as the Rimu which led Maori to credit the bird with the ability to foretell the future.
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Black Panther Facts: 13 Facts about Black Panthers
Here are 13 facts about Black Panthers to help gain a better understanding of this wonderful creature.
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Giant Manta Ray Facts: 12 facts about Giant Manta Rays
Here are 12 facts about giant manta rays to help give a greater understanding of this wonderful sea creature that swims in warm and temperate oceans.
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Alligator facts: 17 facts about American Alligators
Check out the post here http://goo.gl/sFKzBu Here are 17 American Alligator facts to help gain a better understanding of this wonderful species.
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Coral Facts: 11 Facts About Coral
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Venus Fly Trap Facts: 9 Facts about Venus Fly Traps
Here are 9 basic facts about Venus Fly Traps to introduce you to this amazing carnivorous plant.
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Pufferfish Facts:14 Facts about Pufferfish
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Octopus Facts: 14 facts about Octopus
There are over 300 species of Octopus found in oceans all across the world of different shapes and sizes that have beguiled and bewitched sea fairer's for centuries. So we start our investigation into this beautiful creature here with 14 facts about octopus. Check out the corresponding post at http://goo.gl/Hg95oH Synopsis Like other cephalopods, Octopus have four pairs of arms and two eyes and are bilaterally symmetric. They have a hard beak that has a mouth at its centre. They do not have a skeleton and this allows them to squeeze into very small and tight locations. They are found in many diverse oceans such coral reefs,pelagic waters and around the ocean floor. Octopus defend themselves from predators in a number of ways this includes the expulsion of ink, using camouflage, and deimatic displays, moving quickly through water and hiding. It can move by crawling or swimming. When it swims it trails its eight arms behind them as they do so. They are venomous organisms but only one type of octopus is really deadly to humans, that is the blue-ringed octopus. There are around 300 species of octopus and they do not have a long life expectancy and live for as little as six months.However, larger species can live for up to five years in specific circumstances. The reason for such a short life span is that they die in the reproduction process. Males can only live for a few months after mating and females will die shortly after their eggs hatch. Whilst taking care of the un-hatched eggs, they do not eat and eventually die of starvation. Octopuses have three hearts, two of which pump blood around their gills whilst the third heart is a systemic heart which pumps blood around the body. Their blood contains a copper-rich protein that enables the blood to transport oxygen. When Octopus eject ink, they give out a thick, black ink in a large cloud that helps them to escape. The colouring agent that they have is melanin which is the same chemical that humans have for their hair and skin colour. Their camouflage is helped by certain specific skin celll that change the colour, opacity and reflectivity of the epidermis. They can also use their colour changing ability to communicate of warn other octopus. Other species such as the mimic octopus, can also mimic more dangerous sea snakes, eels and lion-fish as another defence mechanism of theirs. They reproduce by using a specialized arm to transfer packets of sperm from the terminal organ of the reproductive tract into the female's mantle cavity. In some species, the female octopus can keep the sperm alive inside her for weeks until her eggs are mature. After they have been fertilized, the female lays up to 200,000 eggs. Species of Octopus that live on the ocean floor mainly feed on crabs, worms, and other molluscs such as whelks and clams. Those species that swim the open-ocean eat mainly prawns, fish and other cephalopods. Octopus kill their prey by using a paralysing saliva before dismembering it into small pieces with their beaks. They feed on shelled molluscs either by using force, or by drilling a hole in the shell, injecting a secretion into the hole, and extracting the soft body of the mollusc. Large octopuses have also been known to catch and kill some species of shark. The largest species of octopus is the giant Pacific octopus, which weighs in at around 15 kg, with an arm span of up to 4.3 m. The largest specimen of the Giant Pacific Octopus weighed in at 71 kg.
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Sea Snake Facts: 10 Facts about Sea Snakes
Here are 10 facts about sea snakes to help gain an understanding of this fascinating and amazing creature All images used courtesy of wikipedia Videos used under creative commons license Snake Pit, Grande Barrière de Corail, Australie by Antoni Belmas https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kKV2-IBZz60 NEW Diving with sea snake in Thailand Aquagrils Underwater by AQUA GRİLS Videos https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NjmlzPw_YA8 Synopsis Sea snakes are some of the most venomous sea creatures in the oceans. They use their powerful venom to defend themselves against attacks although they are not aggressive by nature. If one is bitten by a sea snake, the symptoms include generalized aching, stiffness, and tenderness of muscles all over the body. This can later lead to paralysis and some bites may result in death if they are not treated quickly. There are currently 62 species of sea snake and they can measure between 3.9 to 4.9 feet long. They largest sea snake can reach 9.8 feet in length. Their color and patterns on their bodies depend on the species and can be an assortment of colours from black, red, white, grey or blue. Although there are some species which are uniformly coloured. They are extremely adept swimmers and swim very quickly however when traversing dry land they are very clumsy movers. Sea snakes have moveable valves that stop water from getting into their noses and they have the ability to get rid of salt from their bodies which is excessive. Many sea snakes just prefer to swim in the shallow water and they are able to dive for up to an hour without coming up to the surface for breath. On average they will be underwater for up to 30 mins before returning to the surface. They are able to breathe whilst using their lungs and through their skin. Sea snakes are carnivores whose diet mainly consists of varying types of eggs, fish, mollusks and crustaceans. Sea snakes are able to live up to 10 years in the wild and they will mate at different times of the year. They will lay their eggs on the ground to hatch after a gestation period of usually around 9 months. They are able to give birth to up to 25 young.
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Great White Shark Facts: 15 facts about Great White Sharks
Check out corresponding post here http://goo.gl/YkFDcA The Great White Shark has bewitched people for centuries and more recently with the advent if Jaws on film, the shark has caused more interest than ever. Here are 15 facts about Sharks you need to know. Credits Videos used under creative commons licence here; Fish hunt and Fishing video 20 Ft Great White Shark Stalks Boat on video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LO1WaRbPjD8 Myaquagrils Great White Shark Diving Guadalupe, Mexico Aquagrils Underwater https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hNci0--Q-3M Images from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_white_shark The corresponding post is http://www.standoutfacts.com/great-white-shark-facts-15-things-may-know-amazing-shark/ Synopsis 15. The Great White Shark is also known as the great white, white pointer, white shark, or white death. It is a species of large lamniform shark and can be found in the coastal surface waters of all the major oceans. 14. Great White Sharks enjoy water temperature between 12 and 24 °C, and there are greater concentrations of them in the north east Atlantic, California, South Africa, Japan, Oceania, Chile, and the Mediterranean. One of the most densest populations is found in Dyer Island, South Africa, This is where most, if not all of the shark research is done. 13. Great White's grow up to 6.4m in length however great white sharks have been said to reach a size over 8 m and 3,324 kg. 12. They reach sexual maturity around 15 years of age and was previously believed to have a life span of over 30 years. However, they are thought now to live as long as 70 years or more. 11. Great White Sharks are able to accelerate to speeds that exceed 35 mph 10. They are an apex predator of the seas which has no natural predators other than the Orca. They are the world's largest known extant macro-predatory fish, and is one of the primary predators of marine mammals. The marine animals they prey on include fish and seabirds and they are also ranked first in having the most attacks on humans. 9. Humans are not good prey for the Great White as their digestion not quick enough to deal with the high ratio of bone to muscle and fat that a human has. In most recorded attacks, the great white broke off contact after the first bite. Fatalities are mainly caused by blood loss from the initial bite rather than from critical organ loss or from whole consumption. 8. The great white is an epipelagic fish, observed mostly in the presence of rich game, such as fur seals, sea lions, cetaceans, other sharks, and large bony fish species. In the open ocean, it has been recorded at depths as great as 1,200m. These findings challenge the traditional notion that the great white is a coastal species. 7.Their reputation as a ferocious predator is well-earned, yet they are not indiscriminate "eating machines". They are ambush hunters, taking prey by surprise from below them. 6. Like many sharks, Great white's,have rows of serrated teeth behind the main ones, that are ready to replace any that break off. When the shark bites, it shakes its head from side-to-side, helping the teeth to saw off large chunks of flesh. 5. They have an extra sense given by the Ampullae of Lorenzini which enables them to detect the electromagnetic field emitted by the movement of living animals. Every time a living creature moves, it generates an electrical field and great whites are so sensitive they can detect a half a billionth of a volt. 4. Great white's in general try to avoid fighting for food with each other. When there is enough food for one of them,they have a tail slapping contest where sharks swim past each other, each slapping the surface of the water and directing the spray towards the other shark. The one who gets the meal is the shark that delivers the most tail slaps in the water. 3. The great white does not have an all white colouring. In fact, their back may be grey, dark blue, black, or brown. 2. It is estimated that after a big meal the great white can go up to 3 months without another meal of the same size. 1. The largest great white ever caught was caught off Prince Edward Island in 1993 and it measured a massive 20ft long.
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Sea Sponge Facts: 10 facts about Sea Sponges
Here are 10 facts about sea sponges to help gain a better understanding of this fascinating creature of the deep sea. The corresponding post is here http://goo.gl/0u3eYy Synopsis 10. Sea sponges are animals which neither have neither a central nervous system of a brain. 9. They are found on the floor of the ocean attaching them leaves to solid rocks. They do not have the ability move around 8. Sea sponges appear as dark in water as they have a dark membrane that covers them which is like a skin for them. This gives them good cover for the skeleton. 7. They are able to reproduce by coupling up with other sea sponges. A male sperm is ejected by the male and is caught by the female and the fertilization of her eggs begins. When they are ready tiny larvae are ejected and they settle on the ocean floor and will grow into sea sponges 6. They feed by consuming water, ocean particles and plankton and then filtering the water out and swallowing the food that they need 5. Sea sponges get their oxygen from the flowing water 4. Around the world there are around 5000 species of sea sponge that exist 3. They have amazing powers of regeneration and have the ability to reform parts of the bodies that get broken off. Even more mind blowing The pieces that are broken off can also settle somewhere else and form into a clone of their parent sponge 2. When they are harvested, those collecting them leave the roots intact so that they can regenerate and grow back to their original form 1. When they are not harvested they have a lifespan of around 10 years in the wild.
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Giraffe facts: 22 facts about Giraffes
Here are 22 facts about giraffes to help gain a better understanding of this amazing creature found in sub-Saharan Africa.
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Eel Facts: 9 facts about Electric Eels
Here are 9 facts about Electric Eels to help gain a better understanding of this fascinating creature. They are known for their ability to stun and electrocute their prey by their choosing.
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King Cobra facts: 16 facts about the King Cobra
Check out the post here http://goo.gl/RlgIf1 Here are 16 King Cobra facts to help gain a better understanding of this wonderful but quite dangerous snake.
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Shark Facts: 11 facts about Bull Sharks
Here are 11 facts about Bull Sharks to help gain a better understanding of this fascinating species of Shark that can not only swim in saltwater but unlike other shark species, can also swim in freshwater as well. Corresponding post at http://goo.gl/kIzp3E Synopsis The bull shark is also called the Zambezi shark or the Zambi in Africa and the Nicaragua shark in Nicaragua, It likes to swim in warm and shallow waters along coastlines and up rivers in both saltwater and fresh water scenarios. It is an aggressive by nature and have been responsible for more near shore attacks than any other shark species In fact bull sharks are considered by some experts as the most dangerous species of shark in the world They have been seen wonderung up the Mississippi river in Illinois, the Amazon River, and in Nicaragua bull sharks have been seen leaping up river rapids, likw salmon in order to reach inland Lake Nicaragua They are not true freshwater sharks, despite their ability to survive in freshwater habitats. They can survive in freshwater as they have a gland close to its tail that allows it to store salt whilst it's kidneys recycle the salt already in its body. Sharks such as tiger sharks and great whites down have this ability and so need the salt water they swim in to survive. Bull sgarks are carnivores by nature and will eat pretty much anything in the water that they see They have short, blunt snout, which enables them to headbutt their prey before attacking them They are medium sized compared to sharks such as whale sharks or basking sharks and have thick stout bodies with dark tips on their fins. They are not a threatened species but are fished for their meat, hides, and oils,
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Shark Facts: 18 facts about Basking Sharks
Here are 18 facts about Basking sharks to help give a better understanding of this wonderful shark that is found in most ocean waters around the world.
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Giant Squid Facts: 17 Facts about the Giant Squid
Check out the post here http://goo.gl/rYkBTj Here are 17 facts above this fabled creature, the Giant Squid to help gain a better understanding of them.
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Arctic Tern Facts: 24 facts about Arctic Terns
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Dolphin Facts: 14 facts about Dolphins
Check out the post here http://goo.gl/50AfpR Dolphins are some of the most beautiful mammals on the earth and are loved and adored throughout the world, for their intelligence, beauty, agility and affection. Here are 14 facts about Dolphins. Video used under the creative commons license https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JS19m17KWwQ Spotted Dolphins, Gulf of Mexico, 30 miles SE of Freeport, TX David Shormann Images used courtesy of Wikipedia
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Black Mamba Facts: 20 facts about Black Mambas
Here are 20 facts about black mambas to help give a greater understanding of is deadly snake from sub-Saharan Africa. They are predators of outstanding beauty and deadly stealth that have bewildered humans for centuries. Information Source: http://www.arkive.org/black-mamba/dendroaspis-polylepis/ Synopsis The black mamba is Africa's largest and most venomous snake and is often found on the ground or occasionally in trees. It is called a black mamba because of its blue-black mouth lining. It's skin colour is a brown to grey colour with a lighter underside. The black mamba is one of the fastest snakes in the world, and can slither at speeds of up to about 20 kilometres per hour. The black mamba is a very agile species that actively hunts warm-blooded prey. Although it is one the most feared snakes in the world, the black mamba prefers to avoid contact with humans as they are generally shy creatures. However, if it does bite a human and there is no treatment, its bite can kill a human within 20 minutes. The black mamba has short, fixed fangs at the front of its mouth and has excellent vision. It can measure up to 4.3 m and weigh in at up to 1.6 kg. If a black mamba is cornered, it will try and escape. However it can adopt a defensive posture, by raising its head, spreading its neck like a cobra, displaying its black mouth lining and hissing. If a black mamba is further provoked, it will strike repeatedly, injecting its attacker with large amounts of deadly neurotoxins and cardiotoxins, which affect the nerves and heart The neurotoxins of the venom of a black mambas venom will cause muscle paralysis, and will eventually killing the victim through respiratory failure. They tend to eat warm-blooded prey such as bushbabies, rock hyraxes, bats and other small mammals, as well as birds. Their only real predators are birds of prey, however its young are occasionally predated by other snakes. They are active during the day, often basking in the branches of a tree in the early morning before they go hunting. This black mamba usually has a refuge such as a hole, hollow log, rock crevice or termite nest, to which it returns at night. They will breed between October and November, when the males will compete for females by entwining their bodies and attempting to force their opponent to the ground. The female black mamba will lay up to 17 eggs often inside a termite mound and they will hatch after 80 to 90 days. In some studies, young black mambas have rarely been observed, possibly because they grow rapidly and can reach almost two metres in length in their first year, and because they are likely to be more arboreal than the adults. The black mamba can live for up to 11 years or more in the wild, or for up to 20 years in captivity. The black mamba is extremely widespread across sub-Saharan Africa, with individuals sighted as far north and west as Senegal, and as far south as north-eastern South Africa. Most reports of this species come from eastern and southern Africa They live in a number of different habitats, including well-wooded savannah and riverine forest, particularly in areas with an abundance of rocky hills and large trees.
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Cuttle fish facts: 14 Facts about Cuttle Fish
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Sea Urchin Facts: 18 Facts about Sea Urchins
Here are 18 facts about Sea Urchins to help gain a better understanding of these incredible creatures. They are a fascinating species far different from any other species we know, and here we delve into the wonder of these wonderful creatures. Synopsis There are around 200 species of sea urchins that are found across oceans around the world Sea urchins are found in warmer waters on ocean floors close to coral reefs They are a threatened species due to overfishing and pollution They range in size from between 1.2 to 3.9 inches in diameter. They have globe like shape which is covered in long spines and their bodies have a radial symmetry. They are protected by a shell formed of bony plates providing protection for the softer inner organs. They vary in colour depending in the species of the sea urchin. However the majority are black, brown, purple, red or green in color. They have five rows of paired feet on the underside of their body. These feet have suckers in them which means they can grip the ocean floor. Amongst the spines on their bodies are claw like structures which are known as pedicellariae that are used for protection against predators and also to collect food. There are species of sea urchin that also have spikes that are filled with venom They have a unique type of mouth called "Aristotle's lantern". The mouth has five sharp teeth which they use to drill holes in rocks They are omnivores by nature consuming both animals and plant life such as algae sea weed plankton and Other orgainc mattet The main predators of sea urchins are humans sunflower stars crabs fish birds and Sea urchins mate in the spring time and reproduce by releasing eggs and sperm cells in to the water in a process called external fertilization. the Fertilized egg will then go through a larval stage before it becomes a grown adult. Whilst the sea urchin is in its larval stage It will swim with other types of tiny creatures as part of zooplankton Sea urchins live up to 30 years. In fact the red sea urchin lives up to 200 years making it the longest living creature Sea urchins are not aggressive creatures however if they are touched most sea urchins will try to defend themselves using their spines and some species have spines that can pierce a divers suit. Some species like thr purple sea urchin, have an another defense mechanism called thepedicellarines which are tiny, jaw-like structures which clasp onto a diver's skin and inject a powerful poison. They are nestled down between re spines and are difficult to come into contact with unless the diver impales them self on it
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Crocodile facts: 14 facts about Saltwater Crocodiles
Check out the post here http://goo.gl/oukYmZ Here are 14 facts about saltwater Crocodiles to help gain a greater understanding of this wonderful reptile that is found in the Americas.
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Black Rhino Facts: 30 Facts About Black Rhinos
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Killer whale facts: 20 facts about Killer Whales
Here are 20 facts about killer whales, or Orcas to give the their proper name. This amazing creature lives across the worlds oceans and is a close relative of the dolphin.
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Crocodile Facts: 19 Facts about Nile Crocodiles
Here are 19 Facts about Nile Crocdiles to help bring a greater understanding of this creature who is found in sub-Saharan Africa
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Caiman facts: 20 facts about Caimans
Caimans are reptiles that live in the South American rivers, streams and tributaries. They are great predators and help keep the population of many of their prey to normal numbers. Find the corresponding post at http://goo.gl/Sm4Wyy Synopsis Caimans are often confused with crocodiles and alligators but are very distinct from their close relatives. There are six species of caiman that exist. They can be found in much of entral and South America in countries such as Puerto Rico, Cuba, French Guyana, Columbia, Peru, and Brazil They are found in swamps mangroves and flooded savannahs where they enjoy the rich marshy lands and watery enclaves. They are an endangered species due to the loss of habitat around them and poaching as well as they have highly sought after skin and meat. Their skin is covered in armour like scales that can vary in colour from olive green, grey, brown or black. Their skin is occasionally has spots r strips on it, that can camouflage it. Depending on the species They measure up to 5 to 20 feet in length and weigh in at between 220 to 1100 pounds. Caimans use their long flattened tails to both swim and to protect themselves from predators. Caimans have very good eyesight and hearing which they use to hunt their prey. They are carnivores and will hunt prey such as fish, crustaceans, small reptiles and birds. When they are born, young caimans will not be weaned by their mother but eat will eat insects by themselves. Caimans are in facts very good for their natural habitat as they keep the number of animals under control so their numbers don't escalate in that area. Caimans daily activity is mainly enjoying basking in the sun in their habitat Because of their size strength and temper they don't have many predators. However jaguars and humans and are pretty much their biggest predator. Caimans are very good at swimming. They are able to travel up to speeds of 30 mph in water. They are not social creatures and enjoy the solitary life except, during mating season at the end of the dry season when they have an abundant food supply. Female caimans build mounds in the ground of up to 5 ft wide and they will lay up to 65 eggs which they will guard for 6 weeks until they hatch. Young caimans will be looked after by their mother until they are mature enough to leave the nest. Caimans are able to live for 30 to 40 years in the wild and up to 60 years in captivity. The black caiman is the largest of all the caiman species and can grow up to 5 metres long. They are found in the lakes and slow moving rivers of the Amazon basin.
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Shark facts: 17 facts about Tiger Sharks
Here are 17 facts about Tiger Sharks to help gain a better understanding of this species of shark that are great predators of the ocean, second only to the Great White in terms of their ability to kill. Synopsis Tiger sharks are known for their dark vertical stripes that are found in their young. As tiger sharks mature they lose their Tiger sharks are carnivores and are second only to great white sharks for attacking humans. Tiger sharks are scavengers and have a great sense of smell and sight. They do not discriminate when it comes to finding things to eat. They have serrated teeth which are triangular and so very sharp. They are found in tropical and subtropical warm waters around the world Tiger sharks can grow up to 20 to 25 feet (6 to 7.5 meters) in length and they weigh in at more than 1,900 pounds (900 kg) They are creatures that are listed as near threatened. They are harvested for their fins and their livers because the contain large amounts of vitamin A. They are very aggressive predators by nature and will aslo attack when they feel they are in danger. The tiger shark is the fourth largest shark in the world. Their fantastic eyesight enables them to hunt at night as they can see in the dark. They are able to camouflage themselves using their natural blue and green colouring which blends well with the ocean water. The eating habits of the tiger shark include any type of sea creature they can find, including sharks, stingrays, and seals. Anything that enters the water is seen as food for the tiger shark. Their eating habits are best described by the story of one tiger shark which was caught and had its stomach cut open. They found pieces of boat, ships, clothing, jewellery and bits of old tyre. Female tiger sharks can give birth from between 10-80 young. The young are well developed when they are born and will be immediately released into the water to fend for themselves. The female reaches sexual maturity at 8 years of age. Males are ready between 6-7 years of age. The tiger shark has an average lifespan of t27 years, to however some may live to 50 years of age Although they are slow swimmers, once they are ready for a kill they put in a burst speed to catch their prey before it escapes
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Seal Facts: 18 facts about Seals
Here are 18 facts about Seals to help gain a better understanding of these fascinating creatures. There are many different species of seal which we delve into and find out more about here. The corresponding post is here http://goo.gl/JDVl6z Synopsis Across the world, there are 33 different species of seal seals give birth on land however they will mate in the water. They are insulated by a thick layer of blubber which protects them from the Their whiskers are very sensitive and help them to detect prey in the dark waters where they can't necessarily see. When seal pups are born, its mother will seek to bond with it by calling to it and smell it. Particular species of seal have been known to live for up to 46 years. There are certain species of seal that have been hunted so much that they have almost become extinct The reason oil spills are so lethal for seals is that they cause great damage to their breathing as well as their throat, ears and eyes. They are not keen on being approached at all and will bite if people go near Them They are divided into two families. Earless seals of the Phocidae family and eared seals of the Otariidae family. Eared seals are seals such as harbor or common seals and earless seals are those such as fur seals and sea lions). Seals are carnivores and enjoy eating fish and squid They come from bear or otter like ancestors that roamed on the land They are mammals and so need air to breathe. They spend their time both on land and in the water There are 32 different kinds of species of seal The largest type of seal is the southern elephant seal, which measures up to 13 feet in length and weighs in at more than 2 tons The smallest seal in the world the Galapagos fur seal, which measures up to about 4 feet long and weighs in at 65 pounds. To keep themselves warm in really cold environments like the arctic they will stop blood flow to the surface of their skin so to prevent heat loss to the cold To keep cool in hot climates they will reverse the process and release as much heat as possible so as to keep their insides as cool as possible They are able to dive underwater deeply and for long periods. In fact some species cam dive underwater for up to two hours. They are able to do this as they have a higher concentration of hemoglobin in their blood and their large amounts of myoglobin in their muscles so they can store oxygen in their blood and muscles and dive for longer periods than us humans can They save oxygen when under water by restricting blood flow to the organs in their body that really need it. They also slow their heart rate by up to 80% Predators of seals include polar bears sharks and killer whales however by far the biggest threat to seal populations are humans because of Hunting and pollution
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Python. Facts: 15 Facts about Pythons
Here are 15 facts about Pythons to help gain a better understanding of this fascinating reptile. Synopsis Pythons are non venomous snakes which means that they won't poison you if they bite you. Pythons are constrictors and kill their prey by grabbing hold of it with their teeth and coiling themselves around it slowly suffocating the life out of it. Once they have suffocated their prey they will swallow them whole in one go. Everything apart from the fur and feathers of their prey will be ingested. You can tell that a python hasn't ingested something as it will be found in their poop. It really depends on the size of the prey for how long they will take to ingest it. Larger prey can take weeks or months to finally ingest. They will tend to eat 4-5 times a year. They find their prey by keeping camouflaged and hidden in 5 reed and bushes. They blend very well with their environment. They will then use that time to scope out their prey and then ambush it. The longest python is the reticulated python which can measure up to 30 feet long. Pythons are slow movers and move up to 1 mile per hour They have heat sensing organs that they use to sense where prey are. The colours of their skin are usually very similar to their habitat that they reside in. They are found in rainforests, deserts, and savannahs of tropical Asia and Africa They won't attack humans unless they are provoked. Pythons are very good swimmers A female python will lay between 12-36 eggs and will protect them by coiling herself around them. Once they are born the mother will leave the nest and the young are left to fend for themselves. Pythons can live up to 40 years. They are cold blooded creatures but can increase their body temperature by basking in the sun.
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Blue Whale Facts: 23 facts about the Blue Whale
Check the post at Standoutfacts.com http://goo.gl/YkFDcA Here are 23 facts about the blue whale to help gain a better understanding of this wonderful mammal known as the largest creature to have ever lived. Synopsis 23. The blue whale is a marine mammal belonging to the baleen whales. 22. It's scientific name is Balaenoptera musculus 21. The blue whale is the largest creature to have ever lived on earth measuring 30 metres or 98 ft in length and weighing in at 170 tonnes 20. The tongue alone weighs as much as an elephant and it's heart as much as a car. 19. Blue whales have long slender bodies which can be various shades of bluish-grey dorsally and have lighter underparts. 18. There are at least three subspecies of blue whale. 17. The blue whale enjoys a diet of tiny krill which are shrimp like sea creatures. In fact a blue whale is able to take in 3,6000kg of krill per day. 16. Blue whales prey on their food by descending to depths of around 500m. 15, The mouth of the blue whale has a row of plates which are fringed with bristles that enable it to filter the food that enters it. It will then force the water out of its mouth and retain the prey. 14. The blue whale is a mammal and so must come up to the waters surface in order to breathe. 13. The blue whale breathes by exhaling air out of a blowhole in a cloud of pressurised water vapour which will climb up to 9 meters high. 12. Blue whales will usually swim alone or in pairs, however occasionally they will be found in groups and are known to form close attachments to other whales. 11. Blue whales can swim very gracefully and can travel at speeds of over 30km/h. 10. Blue whales communicate with each other with series of low frequency pulses, groans, and moans and are known one of the loudest animals on earth. 9. Blue whales are able to hear each over distances of up to 1,600km. 8. Blue whales use their communication and hearing to sonar-navigate the vast dark oceans 7. Female blue whales will breed only once every three years. They have a gestation period of between 11-12 months and will bear only one young. 6. Their young will be born weighing up to 2,7000kg and measure up to 8m long. 5. Young blue whales whales are encouraged to the surface of the ocean by their mothers and are often are nudged by other female blue whales to take their first breath. 4. Young blue whales suckle more than 600 litres of milk each day and increase their weight 90kg each day for the first year of their lives. 3. Although they don't have many predators, blue whales have been known to be attacked by sharks and killer whales. However many whales are injured or killed by colliding with large ships that sail the oceans. 2. Blue whales have are known to be emotive mammals. 1. There is estimated that only 10,000-25,000 blue whales now exist to this day.
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Anaconda Facts: 14 Facts about Green Anacondas
Here are 14 facts about the Giant Green Anacondas, the largest snake in the world and one that has the largest girth. It is a killer snake, that is not venomous but can suffocate with great force and power. See the corresponding post here http://goo.gl/3auw2T Synopsis Green anacondas are the largest snakes in the world measuring 550 pounds (227 kilograms). This isn't due to its length as the reticulated python is longer but it's girth makes it almost double of that of the python They are able to grow to more than 29 feet (8.8 meters) When they breed many different males will develop a breeding ball around a single female. This encounter can last up to four weeks before they separate. Green anacondas are a member of the boa family. They are found in swamps slow moving streams and marshes in the Amazon rainforests They move very slowly on land but move quickly and with stealth in water. On top of their heads are eyes and nasal openings that mean they can lay submerged in water whilst waiting to pounce on their prey They are consummate predators and carnivores feed on birds caimans capybaras jaguars deer and wild pigs amongst other prey Anacondas uses their senses to track the heat emitted by prey and have a strong sense of smell and very good eyesight. Female anacondas will develop eggs in their body for between 8-12 weeks and they will hatch whilst in the females body. She will give birth to up to 80 young They can live over 10 years in the wild. They can live up to 30 in captivity They nonvenomous constrictors, that kill their prey by launchijg at them and grippjngbthem with yheir jaws and then coiling around them and constrict them until their prey Once their prey has been suffocated they can go for weeks or even months without the need to eat a meal. When they give birth they bear two to three young which measure about 2 feet (0.6 meters) long when they are born. They are able to swim immediately and will not be weaned by their mother as they are able to hunt immediately
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Barracuda Facts: 10 facts about Barracudas
Barracudas are one of the most fascinating predators of the deep seas known for the sharp teeth and predatory instincts. Here are 10 facts about Barracudas to help introduce you to this amazing creature. For the corresponding post, click here http://goo.gl/17jsNL Synopis Barracudas are marine fish of which there are around 20 species across the world found in warm and temperate waters in tropical areas. Their predators and threats to their civilisation are fishing recreationally by humans but they also threatened by whales, killer whales, and sharks in their natural habitat. They vary in size and this is dependent on the species that they are. The largest species of barracuda weigh in at ip to 103 pounds and measure up to 6 ft long. They have different colourings depending on their species. They are covered in scales and their colouration can vary from black grey, brown and blue. Hey have white underside and spots scattered on its body. Barracudas have sharp teeth which help them to get a firm grip of their prey. They consume different types of fish such as crustaceans, anchovies, groupers, and other smaller sea creatures. They have long bodies with pointed heads. They have two dorsal fins and a fork shaped tail fin They are attracted by shiny objects and so hint fish with silver or golden scales. They look to surprise their prey and will chase them especially when there is no place for them to actively hide. They have he ability to swim up to 25 mph can often use their speed to catch their prey. They are nocturnal fish and prefer to be solitary however they are also known to gather in groups called schools to ensure their mutual safety and protection. When they mate this will take place in he spring and males will release their sperm into the water and females will release their eggs in a likewise fashion and they will combine to form fertilized eggs. Of the 1000 or so eggs that the female will release, only a few survive to grow into maturity. Barracudas can live up between 10 to 15 years in the wild and their age can be worked out by counting the number of rings on their scales and on their otolith (structure in the inner ear) endangered species wild animals clown fish facts facts about animals facts about fish facts about endangered animals animalia kingdom facts small barracuda facts of earth barracuda fish facts facts about fishing facts about the animal kingdom oceans facts barracuda animal pitchers of fish fish information for kids habitat pictures animalia facts barracuda habitat pictures of barracuda barracuda fish pictures facts on fish information on fish the great barracuda habitat facts pictures of barracuda pictures of barracuda fish different species of fish facts about the oceans sea animal facts facts about barracuda animalia classification endangered animals information barracuda teeth pictures facts of animals facts about animal kingdom fishing for barracuda barracuda information great barracuda facts barracuda pictures fish a barracuda sea animals facts fish facts and pictures facts on oceans fun facts about fishing pictures of a barracuda fish fun facts on animals pike facts
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Liger facts: 12 Facts about the Liger
Corresponding post http://www.standoutfacts.com/liger-facts/ Find us on Twitter @standoutfacts liger tigon hybrid cat and tiger mix ti-liger mix of lion and tiger male tiger female lion liger foto tiger mates with lion baby ligers for sale liger infertile hybrid of tiger and lion liger shop jungle island liger crossbreed of tiger and lion liger jungle island li liger male tiger and female lion hybrid death liger crossbreed of lion and tiger crossbreed lion and tiger can tigers and lions breed baby liger for sale tiger lion crossbreed ti-ligers lion and tiger crossbreed tigon cat crossbred big cats male tiger and female lion ti-tigón hybrid of lion and tiger tion liger female lion male tiger liger x tigons tiger and lion mate combination of lion and tiger liger sale ligers diet liger and tion lion and tiger breeding can a tiger and a lion mate liger in zoo liger kittens cat tiger hybrid liger for sale liger zoo male lion female tiger tiger and lion mix breed liger running can a tiger and lion mate male lion and female tiger tiger and lion crossbreed can ligers have babies liger couple lion mates with tiger li-ligers hybrid big cats hybrid liger a lion and tiger mixed a lion and a tiger mixed a tiger and a lion mixed tiger and lion breed lion and tiger mixed breed lion and tiger breed cat mixed with tiger cheetah mixed with tiger
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Swordfish facts: 13 facts about Swordfish
Here are 13 facts about Swordfish to help gain a better understanding of this species. Otherwise known as Broadbills, they are a fascinating species that are also widely hunted. Synopsis Swordfish are fast swimming predators that get their name from their long flat bill which looks like a sword which it uses to slash its prey. The swordfish has a long cylindrical body that has a brown black body which will fade to a lighter brown. Mature swordfish do not have any scales or teeth. Combined with their high dorsal fin enable the swordfish to swim smoothly. They measure less than a metre in length and they have small spines on their body and teeth which are fine and file like. Usually, female swordfish grow larger and live longer than Swordfish have very good eyesight which enables them to be effective predators and locate their prey. They get extra energy from white muscle in their flesh which gives them energy in short bursts. Swordfish use their bill to kmpale or to stun, to slash, or to swallow their prey. They enjoy feeding on squid fish and crustaceans Swordfish are found in temperate and tropical and occasionally colder ocean waters between 50°N to 50°S (2) Swordfish tolerate cold water temperatures as they have brown tissue and a special muscle that warms their blood that flows to their eyes and brain. Swordfish migrate to temperate or cold waters during the summer in order to feed before returning to warmer waters in the fall when the will spawn. The most significant spawning grounds are found in the Mediterranean Sea around the southern peninsula
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Whale Facts: 10 facts about Humpback Whales
Here is the corresponding post http://goo.gl/qNNRKx Humpback Whales are known for being very vocal and for communicating with each other in the deep oceans with cries, moans and whistles. Humpback whales migrating near Sydney 7 7 2013 by rosiepyett https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nV48DXJhho4 Humpback Whales Bubble Net Feeding by Stewart Wade https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oRPmJspTh90 Images courtesy of wikipedia Synopsis 10. The humpback whale is a species of baleen whale which is identified from other types of whale because of their large flippers and the hump on their backs. 9. Humpback whales vary in colour from a gray to black color and have white markings on their underside. These white markings are like fingerprints, allowing researchers to identify individuals. 8. Humpback whales are known for the songs that they sing in the world’s oceans. These moans, howls and cries are what they use to communicate with others to attract potential mates and they continue for hours on end. 7. Humpback whales are found in oceans all across the world and they can often be seen in shallow water. Often these whales live and travel together in pods upwards of 20,000 whales. 6. Humpback whales are often found feeding on tiny shrimp-like krill, plankton, and other small fish. 5. They tend to migrate annually from summer feeding grounds near the poles to warmer winter breeding waters closer to the Equator. When they swim, mothers and their young keep close together, often touching one another with their flippers as gestures of affection. 4. They are powerful swimmers, and they use their massive tail fin, called flukes, to propel themselves through the water and sometimes completely out of it. 3. Humpback whales are often seen leaping from the water and landing with a tremendous splash. It is uncertain whether they are doing it just for fun or whether they are cleaning pests from their skin. 2. Humpback whales breathe voluntarily, unlike human beings. Since they have to remember to breathe, researchers believe humpback whales sleep by shutting off half of their brain at a time. 1. Humpback whales are endangered species and it is believed that there are only 30-40000 of them left or approximately 30% of their original population.
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Killer Bee Facts: 9 facts about Africanized Honey Bees
Killer Bees otherwise known as Africanized Honey Bees are persistently defensive bees found across Africa and the Americas. Synopsis Africanized honey bees are also known as killer bees and are a hybrid of the Western honey bee. They are a lot defensive than other types of honey bee spread over the African continent and have since spread to the Americas as well Small swarms of Africanized honey bees are capable of invading the hives of other types of honey bee and killing the bees in that hive. The Africanized honey bee has 28 sub species which are spread over the African sub continent and have since spread to the Americas and the caribean They are great foragers and begin doing so from a young age harvesting great quantities of pollen compared to their European counterparts They are noted as being much more likely to attack a threat than their European counterparts. When they do they can relentlessly attack in great numbers. They are able to pursue their threat for over 50 yards with a hyper defensive behaviour which has earned them the name killer bees. It's not that they are any more venomous than the European honey bee it's just their absolute relentless attack of any perceived threat which makes them more dangerous than any other type of honey bee. Because of their relentlessness they can sting in greater numbers and more often and so have caused more deaths than their European counterparts.
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Seahorse facts:15 facts about Seahorses
Here are 15 facts about Seahorses to help get a better understanding of this beautiful creature of the Oceans. They are not the best of swimmers and are found in warm and shallow waters. Synopsis There are 54 species of seahorse in the genus Hippocampus and the belong to the family Syngnathidae which are a family of fish that includes pipefishes, and the weedy and leafy sea dragons. The. America hippocampus derives from he Ancient Greek term hippos meaning "horse" and kampos meaning "sea monster". Location Seahorses swim in shallow temperate and tropical waters around the world and can species can be found in many different marine locations across the world. Because they are poor swimmers, They mainly live in sheltered areas such as estuaries, coral reefs, mangroves, and sea grass beds. Description As bony fish, they don't have scales but instead have thin skin which is stretched over bony plates that are arranged around rings that lie throughout their bodies. Due to their body shape and the fact that they swim upright, they are poor swimmers and have been known to die from exhaustion when caught up in stormy seas. They way they swim is to propel themselves using a small fin that is on their back which flutters up to 35 times a second. They will then steer themselves using smaller pectoral fins which are located at the back of heir head. The slowest fish in the world is the dwarf seahorse which has a recorded top speed with 1.5 m per hour. Seahorses have long snouts that they use to suck up food and have eyes that move independently from each other, much like a chameleon. When they are not swimming, seahorses rest by anchoring themselves to corals and seagrasses with their prehensile tails. Seahorses are great at camouflage and have the ability to change their colour and to grow skin filamentsso they can fit in with their surroundings. Diet Seahorses are have huge appetites due to the energy that they need to swim and consume food such as plankton, small crustaceans, and brine shrimp. Reproduction Seahorses are the only animal species on earth where the male has ability to bear young. Seahorses are monogamous creatures and so stay with one partner and mate with them for life, unlike other sea creatures. Seahorses have a brood pouch on their front facing side which the female will deposit her eggs into and the male will fertilise. He will carry the eggs A male seahorse for 9 to 45 daysuntil they hatch fully formed young seahorses into the seas. Extinction Seahorses are a big favourite for harvesters to use in medicine or in aquariums. Hey are also vulnerable to pollution and he destruction of habitat.
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African Pouched Rats: 16 Facts about Gambian Pouched Rats
Here are 16 facts about Gambian pouched rats otherwise known as African pouched rats
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Darwin's Rhea Facts: 25 Facts About Darwin's Rhea
The corresponding post is at http://www.standoutfacts.com/darwins-rhea-facts/
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Stingray facts:15 Facts About Stingrays
Check out the corresponding post here http://goo.gl/hggSu2 Stingrays are one of the most fascinating yet daunting creatures in the oceans, renown for their extremely sharp barb tail. Here are 15 facts about stingrays to help gain more understanding of them.
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Box jelly fish facts: 13 facts about Box Jellyfish
Here are 13 facts about the Box Jellyfish to help gain a better understanding of this unique sea creature of the deep warm oceans of the Indo-Pacific. Synopsis The box jellyfish is famous for its ability to stun or kill it's prey with very powerful venom. The venom of a box jellyfish contains toxins that attack skin cells, the nervous system and the heart. By stunning their prey with venom they are able to easily trap them with their tentacles without the need for a struggle and potentially damaging them in the process Survivors of box jellyfish fish attacks tell of encountering significant pain in the following weeks and having scarring from where the tentacles have attached themselves Box jellyfish are also callled sea wasps and marine stingers, They are found in coastal waters off Northern Australia and throughout the Indo-Pacific. Their coloration is pale blue and transparent They get their name from the cube-like shape of their bell.they can have Up to 15 tentacles growing from each corner of the bell and can reach 10 feet (3 meters) in length. In each have tentacle there are about 5,000 stinging cells, which are triggered by the presence of a chemical on the outer layer of its prey. Compared to other species of jellyfish they are highly advanced and can move be rather than just drift like other jelly fish. They can travel at up to four knots. Box jellyfish have eyes that are grouped in clusters of six in each of the four sides of their bell. Each of these clusters have a pair of eyes on eavhnof the four sides which gives them 360 degree sight. Venomous species of box jellyfish are found exclusively in the tropical Indo-Pacific, Other less threatening species are found widely in tropical and subtropical oceans around the world.
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Wild boar facts: 25 facts about Wild Boars
via YouTube Capture
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Fire coral facts: 13 Facts about Fire Coral
Here is the corresponding post http://goo.gl/EHm39v Fire Coral are known for their outstanding beauty and their ability to cause great pain for anyone who touches it. It is found in warm waters around the world and is often mistaken as a plant but it is in fact an organism or animal that breathes, eats and reproduces. Images courtesy of wikipedia Synopsis 13. Fire coral gets its name for the effect it has on those that brush up against it. Anything that touches it gets a feeling of intense burning from the tiny barbs which launch themselves on anything that brushes against it. 12. Although it is called a fire coral, it is not a coral in the true sense of the word but is actually a hydrozoan or hydroid and is more related to sea jellies than coral. 11. Fire Coral are found in warm tropical waters around the world. 10. You can tell Fire Coral by their colour which is a mustaty colour with white tips. 9. Fire Coral takes on many forms depending on where it is located . Where the current is not fast it will develop thin branches that form a lattice. If there is a strong current they will develop thick columns or staghorn-like like branches. Or, if there are heavy waves or a super strong current it will then develop a thin encrusting layer. 8. They have a very strong partnership which they need for survival with zooxanthellae or algae which happens to live under their clear skin. 7. This algae gives the fire coral food using the energy from the sun and the algae will then feed off the waste of the animal. In return, the coral gives the algae oxygen and protection. Fire Coral are beautiful organisms known for their ability to cause great harm to anybody who touches them. 6. They live in areas of shallow water in reefs that are exposed to light and varied currents. Where there are strong currents, they will live on the edge of reefs, on the top of steep dropoffs, or on the reef face. 5. They then use Nematocysts to shoot down the animal or plant, and then with their fine hairs and mucus, carry it to the animal’s mouth. 4. They are able to reproduce when a female or male medusa or an adult that is free swimming leaves the polyp colony by budding or dividing. 3. It will then swim away from the colony and reproduce by releasing eggs or sperm, which are fertilized by another fire coral medusa and a hairy bean-shaped planula. 2. Then what happens is that the planula swims until it finds a reef to live on and will grow into a flower-shaped polyp. The polyp attaches to a solid surface and goes through an asexual reproduction through and makes an exact copy of itself without eggs and sperm. 1. The polyp is able to make these identical animals by budding and keep dividing to form an entire fire coral colony.
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